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A court is a tribunal, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law. In both common law and civil law legal systems, courts are the central means for dispute resolution, and it is generally understood that all persons have an ability to bring their claims before a court. Similarly, the rights of those accused of a crime include the right to present a defense before a court.
The system of courts that interprets and applies the law is collectively known as the judiciary. The place where a court sits is known as a venue. The room where court proceedings occur is known as a courtroom, and the building as a courthouse; court facilities range from simple and very small facilities in rural communities to large buildings in cities.
The practical authority given to the court is known as its jurisdiction (Latin: jus dicere') – the court's power to decide certain kinds of questions or petitions put to it. According to William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England, a court is constituted by a minimum of three parties: the actor or plaintiff, who complains of an injury done; the reus or defendant, who is called upon to make satisfaction for it, and the judex or judicial power, which is to examine the truth of the fact, to determine the law arising upon that fact, and, if any injury appears to have been done, to ascertain and by its officers to apply a legal remedy. It is also usual in the superior courts to have barristers, and attorneys or counsel, as assistants, though, often, courts consist of additional barristers, bailiffs, reporters, and perhaps a jury.
The term "the court" is also used to refer to the presiding officer or officials, usually one or more judges. The judge or panel of judges may also be collectively referred to as "the bench" (in contrast to attorneys and barristers, collectively referred to as "the bar"). In the United States, and other common law jurisdictions, the term "court" (in the case of U.S. federal courts) by law is used to describe the judge himself or herself.
In the United States, the legal authority of a court to take action is based on personal jurisdiction, subject-matter jurisdiction, and venue over the parties to the litigation.
Third Circuit Court Of Appeals: Second Amendment is a Second Rate Right
"Second rate right".....etc
check it out:
U.S.A. -(Ammoland.com)- In a split decision, a three-judge panel at the Third Circuit Court of Appeals effectively ruled the Second Amendment of the Bill of Rights is a...
Running for Supreme Court Justice Position 8, is Nathan Choi vs. Steve Gonzalez. The Voter's Pamplet (oddly enough) sends voters to to Steve Gonzalez's web site for information about Nathan Choi, rather than to Nathan Choi's own web site. Simple error? Or naked partisanship? I don't know...
Defaming Muhammad does not fall under purview of free speech, European court rules | Fox News
No surprise, but Europeans in general are wrong headed about a lot in the realm of freedom.
The grand high poobahs have ruled disparaging the child rapist known as Muhammud is illegal. So its not ok...
2A Groups Ask WA High Court to Intervene on I-1639
Two gun rights organizations based in Bellevue, Wash., have asked that state’s Supreme Court to enjoin the Secretary of State from acting on Initiative 1639, a gun control measure that would change state gun law, on the grounds that petitions...
The Supreme Court sent it back to the AG to correct the misleading caption (Assault Weapon language).
Even if they did that today, we have 10 days to appeal (which has to pass before it can move forward).
We win, game over (for now). Formal post from OOC coming...