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A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of many legal jurisdictions. Other descriptions for such courts include court of last resort, instance court, judgment court, apex court, and highest court of appeal. Broadly speaking, the decisions of a supreme court are not subject to further review by any other court. Supreme courts typically function primarily as appellate courts, hearing appeals from decisions of lower trial courts, or from intermediate-level appellate courts.
However, not all highest courts are named as such. Civil law states tend not to have a single highest court. Additionally, the highest court in some jurisdictions is not named the "Supreme Court", for example, the High Court of Australia; this is because decisions by the High Court could formerly be appealed to the Privy Council. On the other hand, in some places the court named the "Supreme Court" is not in fact the highest court; examples include the New York Supreme Court, the Supreme Courts of several Canadian provinces/territories and the former Supreme Court of Judicature of England and Wales, which are all subordinate to higher courts of appeal.
Some countries have multiple "supreme courts" whose respective jurisdictions have different geographical extents, or which are restricted to particular areas of law. In particular, countries with a federal system of government typically have both a federal supreme court (such as the Supreme Court of the United States), and supreme courts for each member state (such as the Supreme Court of Nevada), with the former having jurisdiction over the latter only to the extent that the federal constitution extends federal law over state law. Jurisdictions with a civil law system often have a hierarchy of administrative courts separate from the ordinary courts, headed by a supreme administrative court as is the case in the Netherlands. A number of jurisdictions also maintain a separate constitutional court (first developed in the Czechoslovak Constitution of 1920), such as Austria, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain and South Africa. Within the former British Empire, the highest court within a colony was often called the "Supreme Court", even though appeals could be made from that court to the United Kingdom's Privy Council (based in London). A number of Commonwealth jurisdictions retain this system, but many others have reconstituted their own highest court as a court of last resort, with the right of appeal to the Privy Council being abolished.
In jurisdictions using a common law system, the doctrine of stare decisis applies, whereby the principles applied by the supreme court in its decisions are binding upon all lower courts; this is intended to apply a uniform interpretation and implementation of the law. In civil law jurisdictions the doctrine of stare decisis is not generally considered to apply, so the decisions of the supreme court are not necessarily binding beyond the immediate case before it; however, in practice the decisions of the supreme court usually provide a very strong precedent, or jurisprudence constante, for both itself and all lower courts.

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  1. DB is Here

    National  Supreme Court won't take up gun silencer restrictions

    Supreme Court won't take up gun silencer restrictions
  2. DB is Here

    Other State  Fearing Supreme Court Loss, New York Tries to Make Gun Case Vanish

    Fearing Supreme Court Loss, New York Tries to Make Gun Case Vanish
  3. DB is Here

    Other State  Justice Department urges Supreme Court to overturn NYC gun law

    Justice Department urges Supreme Court to overturn NYC gun law - CNNPolitics
  4. 2

    National  U.S. Supreme Court Must Strike Down New York City Gun Control Rule

    WASHINGTON, D.C. (May 14, 2019) — Today, counsel for Firearms Policy Coalition (FPC), Firearms Policy Foundation (FPF), and The Calguns Foundation (CGF) have submitted an important brief with the United States Supreme Court calling for the City of New York’s unconstitutional firearm law to be...
  5. DB is Here

    National  Gun rights backers scoff at proposed change to rules at heart of Supreme Court case

    Gun rights backers scoff at proposed change to rules at heart of Supreme Court case
  6. DB is Here

    Other State  The Pivotal Gun Case Likely Going to the Supreme Court, Explained

    The Pivotal Gun Case Likely Going to the Supreme Court, Explained
  7. ATCclears

    Supreme Court Rules Against Excessive State Fines

    Supreme Court Rules Against Excessive State Fines snippet: The Supreme Court ruled unanimously Wednesday that states may not impose excessive fines, extending a bedrock constitutional protection but potentially jeopardizing asset-forfeiture programs that help fund police operations with...
  8. RicInOR

    National  Pena v. Horan, Supreme Court docket number i18-843.

    California's ban on all new pistol models: Supreme Court amicus brief Can a state ban all new handguns? According to a 2-1 panel of the Ninth Circuit, the answer is yes. A pending cert. petition asks the U.S. Supreme Court to consider the question.
  9. Joe Link

    National  Will the Supreme Court Use a New York City Regulation to Strike Down Gun Laws?

    Will the Supreme Court Use a New York City Regulation to Strike Down Gun Laws?
  10. Joe Link

    National  Supreme Court Accepts First Gun Case in Nearly a Decade

    Supreme Court Accepts First Gun Case in Nearly a Decade
  11. plinker360

    Supreme Court to Review Gun Rights Case from New York

    With our constitutional right to bear arms being harassed and attacked from all sides, I feel our only hope is the SCOTUS. Justices to review New York gun rights case - SCOTUSblog
  12. Joe Link

    National  Conservative Supreme Court majority says it will hear 2nd Amendment case

    Conservative Supreme Court majority to hear 2nd Amendment case - CNNPolitics
  13. C

    National  SCOTUS declines 2a case re: felons

    SCOTUS declines to take gun rights case that also challenged Whitaker appointment as acting AG Snippet from article Well. There you have it. A declaration that previously convicted felons will forever be branded second class citizens due to being felons for any reason. So the old saying of...
  14. thereddog

    Supreme Court Justice Ginburg is dead

    POTUS can call up his next nominee. Until they announce it, she'll be voting like the other democrats from the funeral home. I'm not sure what killed her, the cancer or pneumonia afterwards? Maybe somebody threw a bucket of water on her.
  15. 4

    Washington  Nathan Choi for Supreme Court Justice (2nd Amendment Supporter)

    Running for Supreme Court Justice Position 8, is Nathan Choi vs. Steve Gonzalez. The Voter's Pamplet (oddly enough) sends voters to to Steve Gonzalez's web site for information about Nathan Choi, rather than to Nathan Choi's own web site. Simple error? Or naked partisanship? I don't know...
  16. Joe Link

    National  Seventeen states, led by Louisiana, file Second Amendment briefs with Supreme Court

    Seventeen states, led by Louisiana, file Second Amendment briefs with Supreme Court
  17. Joe Link

    National  Kavanaugh Should Be Closely Questioned on Guns

    Kavanaugh Should Be Closely Questioned on Guns
  18. Joe Link

    National  No Mystery to Supreme Court Nominee Kavanaugh's Gun Views

    <broken link removed>
  19. Joe Link

    National  Kavanaugh Could Tip Supreme Court Against Gun Control Laws

    Kavanaugh Could Tip Supreme Court Against Gun Control Laws
  20. Joe Link

    National  Dems decry Kavanaugh's gun ruling: Semi-automatic rifles are like handguns, should be legal

    Brett M. Kavanaugh’s stance on guns criticized by Democrats
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