A civil war is a war between organized groups within the same state or country, or, less commonly, between two countries created from a formerly united state. The aim of one side may be to take control of the country or a region, to achieve independence for a region or to change government policies. The term is a calque of the Latin bellum civile which was used to refer to the various civil wars of the Roman Republic in the 1st century BC.
A civil war is a high-intensity conflict, often involving regular armed forces, that is sustained, organized and large-scale. Civil wars may result in large numbers of casualties and the consumption of significant resources. Most modern civil wars involve intervention by outside powers. According to Patrick M. Regan in his book Civil Wars and Foreign Powers (2000) about two thirds of the 138 intrastate conflicts between the end of World War II and 2000 saw international intervention, with the United States intervening in 35 of these conflicts.
Civil wars since the end of World War II have lasted on average just over four years, a dramatic rise from the one-and-a-half-year average of the 1900–1944 period. While the rate of emergence of new civil wars has been relatively steady since the mid-19th century, the increasing length of those wars has resulted in increasing numbers of wars ongoing at any one time. For example, there were no more than five civil wars underway simultaneously in the first half of the 20th century while there were over 20 concurrent civil wars close to the end of the Cold War. Since 1945, civil wars have resulted in the deaths of over 25 million people, as well as the forced displacement of millions more. Civil wars have further resulted in economic collapse; Somalia, Burma (Myanmar), Uganda and Angola are examples of nations that were considered to have promising futures before being engulfed in civil wars.

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  1. CountryGent

    Civil War Maynard Carbine

    One the Civil War enthusiasts might enjoy:
  2. officially5150

    Smith and wesson model #2 info needed

    My father was just given a Smith and Wesson model #2 serial number 9xxx chambered in 32 rim fire and I have had a lot of luck before picking the brains of those smarter than I so I figured I would give it a shot. From what I've found there is a good chance that based on the serial number this...
  3. Mitch W

    Can anyone help identify this Civil War Era bayonet?

    I hope I've posted this in the correct area. I could really use some help/advise/opinions or expertise on this. I've had this lug bayonet for probably 20 years. It has spent most of its life with me, in a safe. From the limited research I've been able to do, it's a bayonet made from 1850's to...
  4. EHJ

    The Fire Commissioner who wants to take over the Police Bureau now says all these fires were started by the cops. Dog eats Dog.

    https://www.oregonlive.com/crime/2020/07/portland-commissioner-jo-ann-hardesty-slams-mayor-ted-wheeler-blames-portland-police-for-fires-being-set-during-protests-then-apologizes.html And here is Maximilien de Robespierre's biography.... For no apparent reason. :rolleyes...
  5. ciph34block

    National  CIVIL WAR 2 in America - WHO WOULD WIN? In-Depth Analysis

    This is an interesting analysis to watch (52 minutes long but worth the watch). I would like to believe that most of this would be true but not sure things would play out this way. In my view, the determining factor would be at what point in time would a civil war "start"? After all guns are...
  6. angry dave

    Civil War numbers

    I have this .58 caliber Springfield, and want some help. There is a K 10 behind the hammer and it is stamped 1864. Anyone know of a regiment that this may have come from? Had it a long time and figured this may be the place to get an answer. Thanks in advance.
  7. O

    Survival tools of Civil War soldiers

    One of my latest pieces. Three Unexpected Survival Tools Used By Civil War Soldiers | Backdoor Survival
  8. CountryGent

    Favorite War Films?

    So, I thought I would toss this one out there for discussion: what are you favorite war films? It can be any time, place, or subject matter. It could be historically interesting, thought-provoking, off-beat, heart-rending, surreal, wacky, or some combination of those. Thanks for sharing.:)
  9. clearconscience

    Civil war in syria, how would America react?

    I've read several articles over the years on the horrific things that have happened to the innocent people of Aleppo and Syria in general, and they were proposed to end the violence by allowing the Sunni rebels to their own "zone" I guess similiar to Isreal and the Gaza strip, but would the US...
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