England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain (which lies in the North Atlantic) in its centre and south, and includes over 100 smaller named islands such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.
The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language, the Anglican Church, and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation.
England's terrain mostly comprises low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there are uplands in the north (for example, the mountainous Lake District, and the Pennines) and in the west (for example, Dartmoor and the Shropshire Hills). The capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 53 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom, largely concentrated around London, the South East, and conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, and Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century.
The Kingdom of England—which after 1535 included Wales—ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland through another Act of Union to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

View More On Wikipedia.org
  1. ATCclears

    UK - Tory MP says every knife sold in UK should have GPS tracker ‘fitted in the handle’

    Tory MP says every knife sold in UK should have GPS tracker ‘fitted in the handle’ – The Modern Survivalist Tory MP says every knife sold in UK should have GPS tracker 'fitted in the handle' Tory MP proposes GPS tracker for every single knife sold in the UK
  2. tac

    American Cemetery Madingley, Cambridgeshire, England

    It occurred to me that some of you here might care to see how the British people look after the Americans who never went home. Madingley, the location of the only US War Graves Commission cemetery in UK, has almost 4000 members of the US Armed Forces, mostly aircrew, buried here. Another 5000...
  3. ATCclears

    UK Police plan for riots and crimewave if there is no-deal Brexit

    Police plan for riots and crimewave if there is no-deal Brexit snippet: Police chiefs are drawing up contingency plans to deal with widespread civil disorder at the country’s borders and ports in the event of a no-deal Brexit, according to a leaked report. The bombshell document, prepared by...
  4. RicInOR

    History - Guns of England -v- Asia (Ottoman, Egypt, Afghanistan, India)

    Is the gun the basis of modern Anglo civilisation? | Aeon Essays Longer article, mostly about manufacture not use.
  5. ATCclears

    Data point about violence - knife crime in the UK

    People intent on violence will find a tool and a way... The article: Children as young as five should be taught about the dangers of knife crime, a police chief has said, as figures revealed the death toll among under-25s in London had almost doubled year-on-year. DCS Sean Yates, Scotland...
Back Top