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A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes, in certain modern nations. The term is derived from the Old French conté or bubblegumé denoting a jurisdiction under the sovereignty of a count (earl) or a viscount. The modern French is comté, and its equivalents in other languages are contea, contado, comtat, condado, Grafschaft, graafschap, Gau, etc. (cf. conte, comte, conde, Graf).
When the Normans conquered England, they brought the term with them. The Saxons had already established the districts that became the historic counties of England, calling them shires (many county names derive from the name of the county town (county seat) with the word "shire" added on: for example, Gloucestershire and Worcestershire).
The Anglo-Saxon's "earl" and "earldom" were taken as equivalent to the continental use of "count" and "county" under the conquering Normans, and over time the two blended and became equivalent terms. Further, the later-imported term became a synonym for the native English word scir ([ʃiːr]) or, in Modern English, shire. Since a shire was an administrative division of the kingdom, the term "county" evolved to designate an administrative division of states (federal states like those of Germany and the United States) or of a national government in most other modern uses.
In the United States and Canada, founded 600 years later on the British traditions, counties are usually an administrative division set by convenient geographical demarcations, which in governance have certain officeholders (e.g. Sheriffs and their departments) as a part of the state/province mechanisms, including geographically common court systems.
A county may be further subdivided into districts, hundreds, townships or other administrative jurisdictions within the county. A county usually, but not always, contains cities, towns, townships, villages, or other municipal corporations, which in most cases are somewhat subordinate, or dependent upon county governments. Depending on the nation and the municipality and local geography, municipalities may or may not be subject to direct or indirect county control—the functions of both levels are often consolidated into a city government when the area is densely populated.
Outside English-speaking countries, an equivalent of the term "county" is often used to describe sub-national jurisdictions that are structurally equivalent to counties in the relationship they have with their national government; but which may not be administratively equivalent to counties in predominantly English-speaking countries.

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  1. WowReactsOnly

    Clark county elections who should we vote for?

    Hey ya'll does anyone have any recommendations on who is pro second amendment and is running for office here in Clark county?
  2. L

    Washington Strikes Back - Clark County

    Do you believe in the Constitutional right to keep and bear arms? Do you stand with the constitutional sheriffs who oppose I-1639? Do you believe that WA Attorney General Bob Ferguson's endorsement and support of I-1639 was wrong, a violation of his oath, a violation of the US and WA...
  3. O

    Washington  armed intruder prowling king county

    looks like someone is casing the east side with a rifle. definitely not something you want to see Prowler caught on surveillance cams carrying a rifle in Renton, Newcastle
  4. Joe Link

    Oregon  [Curry County] Board to tackle gun ordinance

    Board to tackle gun ordinance
  5. Cerberus Group

    Washington  Klickitat County - 1639 Unconstitutional

    County commissioners resolve that I-1639 is unconstitutional
  6. DLS

    Sanctuary County movement growing!

    Second Amendment 'sanctuary county' movement expands as organizers take aim at new gun laws
  7. po18guy

    So. King No. Pierce County area FFL to ship gun for repair?

    Auburn/Enumclaw/Federal Way/Bonney Lake/Kent?
  8. Joe Link

    Oregon  [Curry County] Second Amendment workshop slated

    Second Amendment workshop slated
  9. B

    Washington  Benton County, Wa.

    (Opposition to Washington State Initiative 1639 – Commissioner Small On March 12, 2019, a group of constituents came before the Commissioners to discuss their opposition to and urge the Commissioners to consider passing a resolution showing their support in opposing Initiative 1639. In response...
  10. alphapygmy

    Oregon  Yamhill County people

    Please check the OFF sub-section for info on a 2nd Amendment Sanctuary hearing Thursday 10am at the courthouse.
  11. A

    Oregon  In SAPO County Sting, What Jurisdiction Would Prosecute?

    Let's say Jim Bob agrees to meet Johnny Law in SAPO county and sells firearms to Johnny Law without completeing proper transfer process. It turns out Johnny Law was undercover State Trooper and nabs Jim Bob. Where do they take Jimbob and what court do they process his court case through...
  12. rdb241

    20 Washington county Sheriff's should do this to "Turd" Fergeson

  13. BanjoGeek

    Willamette Valley Arms Collectors show March 16 & 17 Lane County Fairgrounds

    Willamette Valley Arms Collectors annual collectors show this week end March 16 & 17 at the Lane County Fairgrounds in Eugene in the big main building. Free parking and lots of trade tables along with some first rate displays. A true collectors show with friendly collectors that are very...
  14. B

    Washington  Law Enforcement Pushing Back on New Gun Laws

    Some good news...let's hope there's a good bit more to follow... https://www.yahoo.com/news/sheriffs-resisting-washington-apos-gun-110004370.html Hearings today (1/29/19), super easy option to take action: NRA-ILA | Washington: House Committee to Hear Ammunition Ban & Other Anti-Gun Bills...
  15. ddoyleFNP

    New to Clatsop County, OR

    My husband and I moved from Missouri (Constitutional carry state) to Seaside, OR at the first of the year. I raised my family in Skagit county, WA for 30 years so the PNW is not new to me. I am a nurse practitioner here in Seaside and my husband spent the bulk of his career installing flooring...
  16. Vierings

    Cerakote in Pierce County

    What recommendations do folks have for getting a mossberg 500 creakoted in the greater Tacoma area?
  17. skeezix

    ARPC Gun Show @ Linn County Fair grounds in Albany 3/2&3, 2019

    Doors open on Saturday from 9AM-5PM and on Sunday from 9AM-3PM. See you there.
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