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Mexico (Spanish: México, pronounced: [ˈme.xi.ko]), officially the United Mexican States (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos, listen ), is a federal republic in the southern half of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost two million square kilometers (over 760,000 sq mi), Mexico is the sixth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent nation in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million, it is the eleventh most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world while being the second most populous country in Latin America. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and a federal district that is also its capital and most populous city. Other metropolises include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.
Pre-Columbian Mexico was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations, such as the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya and Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, which was administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain. Three centuries later, this territory became Mexico following recognition in 1821 after the colony's Mexican War of Independence. The tumultuous post-independence period was characterized by economic instability and many political changes. The Mexican–American War (1846–48) led to the territorial cession of the extensive northern borderlands, one-third of its territory, to the United States. The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires and a domestic dictatorship occurred through the 19th century. The dictatorship was overthrown in the Mexican Revolution of 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system.
Mexico has the fifteenth largest nominal GDP and the eleventh largest by purchasing power parity. The Mexican economy is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, especially the United States. Mexico was the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), joining in 1994. It is classified as an upper-middle income country by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country by several analysts. By 2050, Mexico could become the world's fifth or seventh largest economy. The country is considered both a regional power and middle power, and is often identified as an emerging global power. Due to its rich culture and history, Mexico ranks first in the Americas and seventh in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. In 2015 it was the 9th most visited country in the world, with 32.1 million international arrivals. Mexico is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G8+5, the G20, the Uniting for Consensus, and has been an observer of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie since 2014.

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  1. ATCclears

    Video - Mexican drug cartel uses drone to bomb rivals

    Questions in my mind: - how big was the drone? - what were the 'bombs' made from? They certainly appeared to cause a sizable explosion.
  2. ma96782

    International  Mexico is sueing American Gun makers Do you think that the Remington lawsuit had anything to do with the thinking? Aloha, Mark
  3. DB is Here

    Other State  New Mexico Attorney General Tells Sheriffs to Enforce New Gun Laws
  4. ATCclears

    Volcano next to Mexico City

    A Volcano That Could Completely Cover Mexico City With Volcanic Ash Just Erupted 200 Times In 24 Hours
  5. RicInOR

    Other State  New Mexico - Seeing a Pattern - Sheriff not enforcing Gun Laws either

    A pattern is emerging. Legislatures pass stupid laws. Sheriffs choosing not to enforce said stupid laws. Popular Defiance Will Kneecap Gun Laws in New Mexico, As It Has in Other States "The state's governor is publicly feuding with county-level officials who, responding to grassroots anger...
  6. ATCclears

    Notes from a 1982 currency collapse in Mexico

    I Survived an Economic Collapse - Mexcico Devaluation I Survived an Economic Collapse - Mexico Currency Devaluation 1982 Lesson: Rules can be broken
  7. Aispuro

    Mexico Has 1 Gun Store. Its Murder Rate Is 5x Higher than the US

    Good article. Mexico Has 1 Gun Store. Its Murder Rate Is 5x Higher than the US
  8. ATCclears

    Mexico Mennonites seek new home

    Fleeing electricity, Mexico Mennonites seek new home
  9. DuneHopper

    International  Report: U.S. Firearms & Ammunition Trade Numbers with Canada & Mexico

    NAFTA: U.S. Firearms and Ammunition Trade with Canada and Mexico
  10. g.i. joe

    New Mexico is wild country, indoor shooting?

    Bought an awesome home in northern NM, sight unseen. We are actually really pleased with it considering the chance we took. But this is some wild country. I was looking at the door to the garage and noticed some divits and holes in the adobe brick and solid timber door. It was a typical handgun...
  11. ATCclears

    A look at parts of Mexico City that have been without water for a year

    As Cape Town Runs Out of Water, Here's a Look at Parts of Mexico City That Have Been Without Water For a Year - Slashdot
  12. RicInOR

    Mexico - No Feds, No Cartel

    Losing Faith in the State, Some Mexican Towns Quietly Break Away That looks like an m1 carbine
  13. fredball

    The 2017 King of 2 Miles match in Raton, New Mexico

    <broken link removed> <broken link removed> The 2017 King of 2 Miles match in Raton, New Mexico came to a wrap on Thursday, June 29...
  14. C

    Is anyone else unafraid to visit Tijuana?

    While these were a few incidents of violence in Tijuana from 2006-2009, the Federales have pushed the Drug Lord operation to the east. The Tourist Police that covers the 71 mile stretch from Tijuana to Ensenada, generally dissuade the "bad guys" or "banditos" from victimizing the tourist...
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