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Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence of electric charge. Although initially considered a phenomenon separate from magnetism, since the development of Maxwell's equations, both are recognized as part of a single phenomenon: electromagnetism. Various common phenomena are related to electricity, including lightning, static electricity, electric heating, electric discharges and many others. In addition, electricity is at the heart of many modern technologies.
The presence of an electric charge, which can be either positive or negative, produces an electric field. On the other hand, the movement of electric charges, which is known as electric current, produces a magnetic field.
When a charge is placed in a location with non-zero electric field, a force will act on it. The magnitude of this force is given by Coulomb's law. Thus, if that charge were to move, the electric field would be doing work on the electric charge. Thus we can speak of electric potential at a certain point in space, which is equal to the work done by an external agent in carrying a unit of positive charge from an arbitrarily chosen reference point to that point without any acceleration and is typically measured in volts.
In electrical engineering, electricity is used for:
electric power where electric current is used to energise equipment;
electronics which deals with electrical circuits that involve active electrical components such as vacuum tubes, transistors, diodes and integrated circuits, and associated passive interconnection technologies.
Electrical phenomena have been studied since antiquity, though progress in theoretical understanding remained slow until the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Even then, practical applications for electricity were few, and it would not be until the late nineteenth century that engineers were able to put it to industrial and residential use. The rapid expansion in electrical technology at this time transformed industry and society. Electricity's extraordinary versatility means it can be put to an almost limitless set of applications which include transport, heating, lighting, communications, and computation. Electrical power is now the backbone of modern industrial society.
Invented by Japanese scientist Tsutomu Miyasaka, the cells use minerals forming a crystal structure called perovskite, which can be used in a device to turn the sun's rays into electricity.
A key element in manufacturing perovskite is iodine. While hardly a resources powerhouse, Japan happens...
I do not own an electric vehicle and don't plan to for at least 5-10 years (ie., I'll let other people play Factory Test Pilot for me), but this article made me laugh as I thought of potential business names for a site/station outside of a major city.
Batteries and Beer
Selling my great condition Smarter Tools ST-GP3500 gas generator. Purchased a couple of years ago brand new and used sporadically throughout that time. The generator has a usage dial and is currently indicating 11.7hrs of use, so it's seen very little use other than a few power outages. 3000...
PG&E said it anticipates the severe weather to last through midday Thursday, with peak winds forecast from Wednesday morning through Thursday morning and reaching 60 to 70 miles an hour at higher elevations.
The company has said the shut-offs could last for a number of days and would cover...
The report in PDF format, released in December, 2018:
The risk posed by a catastrophic power outage, however, is not simply a bigger, stronger storm. It is something...
In the late 19th century Nikola Tesla defeated Thomas Edison in the AC/DC battle of electric current. Now, Alan Finkel writes, Edison’s side is making an unlikely comeback.
Tesla vs Edison: the AC/DC current wars make a comeback | Cosmos
How (Not) to Run a Modern Society on Solar and Wind Power Alone
While the potential of wind and solar energy is more than sufficient to supply the electricity demand of industrial societies, these resources are only available intermittently. To ensure that supply always meets demand, a...