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An office is generally a room or other area where administrative work is done, but may also denote a position within an organization with specific duties attached to it (see officer, office-holder, official); the latter is in fact an earlier usage, office as place originally referring to the location of one's duty. When used as an adjective, the term "office" may refer to business-related tasks. In legal writing, a company or organization has offices in any place that it has an official presence, even if that presence consists of, for example, a storage silo rather than an office. An office is an architectural and design phenomenon; whether it is a small office such as a bench in the corner of a small business of extremely small size (see small office/home office), through entire floors of buildings, up to and including massive buildings dedicated entirely to one company. In modern terms an office usually refers to the location where white-collar workers are employed. As per James Stephenson,"Office is that part of business enterprise which is devoted to the direction and co-ordination of its various activities."
Offices in classical antiquity were often part of a palace complex or a large temple. The High Middle Ages (1000–1300) saw the rise of the medieval chancery, which was usually the place where most government letters were written and where laws were copied in the administration of a kingdom. With the growth of large, complex organizations in the 18th century, the first purpose-built office spaces were constructed. As the Industrial Revolution intensified in the 18th and 19th centuries, the industries of banking, rail, insurance, retail, petroleum, and telegraphy dramatically grew, and a large number of clerks were needed, and as a result more office space was required to house these activities. The time and motion study, pioneered in manufacturing by F. W. Taylor led to the “Modern Efficiency Desk” with a flat top and drawers below, designed to allow managers an easy view of the workers. However, by the midpoint of the 20th century, it became apparent that an efficient office required discretion in the control of privacy, and gradually the cubicle system evolved.
The main purpose of an office environment is to support its occupants in performing their job. Work spaces in an office are typically used for conventional office activities such as reading, writing and computer work. There are nine generic types of work space, each supporting different activities. In addition to individual cubicles, there are also meeting rooms, lounges, and spaces for support activities, such as photocopying and filing. Some offices also have a kitchen area where workers can make their lunches. There are many different ways of arranging the space in an office and whilst these vary according to function, managerial fashions and the culture of specific companies can be even more important. While offices can be built in almost any location and in almost any building, some modern requirements for offices make this more difficult, such as requirements for light, networking, and security. The primary purpose of an office building is to provide a workplace and working environment primarily for administrative and managerial workers. These workers usually occupy set areas within the office building, and usually are provided with desks, PCs and other equipment they may need within these areas.

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  1. B

    National  Questions about Judicial oath of office

    Does every kind of judge in America take an oath that includes a pledge to "support and defend", or "support", or "preserve and protect" the U.S. Constitution? According to US Code, all federal employees take an oath that includes "support and defend". US Code HERE describes a more relaxed...
  2. S

    Oregon  while you were sleeping the Gov's office has been working

    Hedi Moward is a Multnomah County Circuit Court Judge just appointed by Brown, she is also the public safety advisory to brown And works hand in hand with every town for gun safety, you will note she is the one stating what and how a bill should be worded. she/ the office of the governor also...
  3. PNWguy

    National  Post Office removes rifle from stamp.

    The U.S. Postal Service Took Away the Doughboy's Rifle - Firearms News Short version is the rifle was removed from the original design and replaced with a flag...
  4. RicInOR

    Other State  TN - DGU at Dentist Office

    Sullivan County releases name of victim in domestic shooting at dentist office
  5. ATCclears

    International  WSJ - Gun use surges in Europe

    Gun Use Surges in Europe, Where Firearms Are Rare This may be paid content. Snippet: Gun ownership is rising across Europe, a continent that until recently faced far less gun crime and violence than much of the globe. Not long ago it was rare to see armed British police. The uptick was...
  6. Mark W.

    Other State  Police office killed in Thousand Oaks was from CHP bullet

    LIKE WOW bet you won't see this on the evening news. The Officer that was killed during the Shooting in Thousand Oaks CA. took 5 rounds the coroner said he most likely would have survived but the 6th round fired by the CHP officer on site went through his heart killing him. Sheriff: Police...
  7. U

    Oregon  Dozen Eugene Police Officers respond to report of a man carrying a rifle at an office building

    A dozen heavily armed Eugene Police Officers responded Tuesday to a report of a man carrying a black colored rifle in a sling near an office complex. When they arrived, all they discovered was a local freelance videographer, who had been hired to record some video at the office building. The...
  8. Joe Link

    Oregon  Petition to ban assault weapons heads to Oregon Secretary of State's office

    Petition to ban assault weapons heads to Oregon Secretary of State's office
  9. T

    CCW in parish office on school building

    New to CCW, I often frequent visit the parish office which located in the church school building. I have CHL, question is can I CCW into the parish office during and after school hours. Thank you for your guidance.
  10. L84Cabo

    Brevard County Sheriff: We Can't Afford To Wait For The Attack

    Every sheriff and police chief in the country should be putting out a message like this one. :)
  11. IronMonster

    Taking a gun to the post office

    So I had a thought today. I was shipping a rifle off to a member here who is doing some work on it. I got it all boxed up this morning and headed to the post office. All of a sudden I had this flash "NO FIREARMS ON FEDERAL PROPERTY" So..... I know you can mail a gun, but my...
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