Salmon /ˈsæmən/ is the common name for several species of ray-finned fish in the family Salmonidae. Other fish in the same family include trout, char, grayling and whitefish. Salmon are native to tributaries of the North Atlantic (genus Salmo) and Pacific Ocean (genus Oncorhynchus). Many species of salmon have been introduced into non-native environments such as the Great Lakes of North America and Patagonia in South America. Salmon are intensively farmed in many parts of the world.
Typically, salmon are anadromous: they are born in fresh water, migrate to the ocean, then return to fresh water to reproduce. However, populations of several species are restricted to fresh water through their lives. Various species of salmon display anadromous life strategies while others display freshwater resident life strategies. Folklore has it that the fish return to the exact spot where they were born to spawn; tracking studies have shown this to be mostly true. A portion of a returning salmon run may stray and spawn in different freshwater systems. The percent of straying depends on the species of salmon. Homing behavior has been shown to depend on olfactory memory.

View More On
  1. mrblond

    this just might be better then catching a Salmon.

    Killer Whale filmed stealing fisherman’s salmon right off the line
  2. O

    Oregon ocean salmon fishing outside Columbia

    Got an offer to go salmon fishing in the ocean. Anyone have a report? I haven't bought a tag yet, so would be nice to hear a report before I commit to the tag and the cost of fuel.
  3. T

    Does anybody know when the salmon season opens on the Deschutes this month?

    I have seen conflicting reports. Thanks. tkdguy
  4. RicInOR

    Salmon Fishing - Emergency

    Apparently there is an emergency and salmon fishing is required. Salish Sea More than 160,000 non-native Atlantic salmon escaped into Washington waters in fish farm accident Sorry, I have no info on permits/licenses required. If you are near the Salish Sea, please help,
  5. Slobray

    HR 2083-The Endangered Salmon and Fisheries Predation Act

    Why haven't we heard of this sooner? Herrera Beutler: To save steelhead, we must cut sea lion numbers Text - H.R.2083 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): Endangered Salmon and Fisheries Predation Prevention Act I'm sure those 4 are totally against this (because it might actually have an effect), but...
  6. EPS

    Atlantic salmon

    Just found out today that over 300.000 Atlantic salmon where released into the waters up here in the SAN JAUN ISLANDS when the net pen broke on Monday WA fish and game are telling all Fisher men to go out and catch them no limits catch as many as you can they are consider a invasive species to...
  7. T

    Fishing for Salmon with Ancovies Legal in NW Oregon Rivers?

    Is it legal to fish with these dead baits in the NW Rivers, such as the Sandy, etc> ? Thanks.
  8. jlhopwo

    Bucket list- catching a salmon

    So I have a friend staying with me starting on the 23rd for about a week or a little more. Told me he's always wanted to fish up a salmon. I'm in SW Portland. How would we go about making that happen? Is it a good time of the year? I know very little about fishing. :-/
  9. coastal steelheader

    Where Did The Salmon Go?

    Very informative video about WDFW shenanigans on the Chehalis system
  10. jsparks747

    Crystal Springs Salmon?

    I have been wondering since the whole creek modification for the salmon was completed and coho were spotted spawning weather or not by next year the banks would be coated with fishermen. What do you guys think?
  11. jsparks747


    I was hoping to take my dad fishing in Puget sound in 2017 for a 2 week trip in the San Juans. Any lures that work well on salmon, halibut, bottomfish, or "free floaters"
Back Top