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Snakes are elongated, legless, carnivorous reptiles of the suborder Serpentes. Like all other squamates, snakes are ectothermic, amniote vertebrates covered in overlapping scales. Many species of snakes have skulls with several more joints than their lizard ancestors, enabling them to swallow prey much larger than their heads with their highly mobile jaws. To accommodate their narrow bodies, snakes' paired organs (such as kidneys) appear one in front of the other instead of side by side, and most have only one functional lung. Some species retain a pelvic girdle with a pair of vestigial claws on either side of the cloaca. Lizards have evolved elongate bodies without limbs or with greatly reduced limbs about twenty-five times independently via convergent evolution, leading to many lineages of legless lizards. Legless lizards resemble snakes, but several common groups of legless lizards have eyelids and external ears, which snakes lack, although this rule is not universal (see Amphisbaenia, Dibamidae, and Pygopodidae).
Living snakes are found on every continent except Antarctica, and on most smaller land masses; exceptions include some large islands, such as Ireland, Iceland, Greenland, the Hawaiian archipelago, and the islands of New Zealand, and many small islands of the Atlantic and central Pacific oceans. Additionally, sea snakes are widespread throughout the Indian and Pacific Oceans. More than 20 families are currently recognized, comprising about 520 genera and about 3,600 species. They range in size from the tiny, 10.4 cm (4.1 in)-long Barbados thread snake to the reticulated python of 6.95 meters (22.8 ft) in length. The fossil species Titanoboa cerrejonensis was 12.8 meters (42 ft) long. Snakes are thought to have evolved from either burrowing or aquatic lizards, perhaps during the Jurassic period, with the earliest known fossils dating to between 143 and 167 Ma ago. The diversity of modern snakes appeared during the Paleocene epoch (c 66 to 56 Ma ago, after the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event). The oldest preserved descriptions of snakes can be found in the Brooklyn Papyrus.
Most species are nonvenomous and those that have venom use it primarily to kill and subdue prey rather than for self-defense. Some possess venom potent enough to cause painful injury or death to humans. Nonvenomous snakes either swallow prey alive or kill by constriction.

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  1. Lazyfaire

    Recommendations on a snake gun

    So I am off to Texas in a month or so. Not normally a wheel/snubby gun person, but am looking for any recommendations for a snake gun to purchase. Looking for a shotshell shooter of 357/Long Colt size, but will listen to anything. Experience counts Thanks Lazyfaire
  2. HaveGun

    Snake on the loose.

    I was over at my parent's house in a nearby town today, enjoying some quality time with my grandkids who were over to enjoy the backyard and animals. My dad informed me that their neighbor, about 100 yards away on the side of their pasture, supposedly had a pet snake get loose. My brother...
  3. sagia308

    168 yard's 05/16/20 was I aiming for the snake/ ropr

    . Or the dixi cup u be the judge
  4. X

    President trump calls wa. Gov inslee a snake

    Tell it like it is Mr President!!!!
  5. rdb241

    Snake Ferguson is busted

  6. R

    Bore snake recommendations

    I'm looking to give my son a bore snake-type cleaning tool for Christmas. Are they all pretty much the same, or do some rock/suck? Any help is appreciated, to the extent that I will be watching for replies. Many thanks, Rev
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