A payment is the trade of value from one party (such as a person or company) to another for goods, or services, or to fulfill a legal obligation.
Payment can take a variety of forms. Barter, the exchange of one good or service for another, is a form of payment. The most common means of payment involve use of money, cheque, or debit, credit or bank transfers. Payments may also take complicated forms, such as stock issues or the transfer of anything of value or benefit to the parties. In US law, the payer is the party making a payment while the payee is the party receiving the payment. In trade, payments are frequently preceded by an invoice or bill.
In general, the payee is at liberty to determine what method of payment he or she will accept; though normally laws require the payer to accept the country's legal tender up to a prescribed limit. Payment is most commonly effected in the local currency of the payee, unless if the parties agree otherwise. Payment in another currency involves an additional foreign exchange transaction. The payee may compromise on a debt, ie., accept a part payment in full settlement of a debtor's obligation, or may offer a discount, for example, for payment in cash, or for prompt payment, etc. On the other hand, the payee may impose a surcharge, for example, as a late payment fee, or for use of a certain credit card, etc.
The acceptance of a payment by the payee extinguishes a debt or other obligation. A creditor cannot unreasonably refuse to accept a payment, but payment can be refused in some circumstances, for example, on a Sunday or outside banking hours. A payee is usually obligated to acknowledge payment by producing a receipt to the payer. A receipt may be an endorsement on an account as "paid in full". The giving of a guarantee or other security for a debt does not constitute a payment.

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  1. arakboss

    Washington  Private Party Washington to Oregon handgun purchase. Payment suggestions, stolen firearm check.

    I am going to pursue a handgun purchase from an apartment neighbor of my father. Seller is WA resident, I'm an OR resident. If I decide to purchase the revolver I will ask him to have local WA ffl ship it to my Oregon ffl. Will the WA ffl check to see if it has been reported stolen before...
  2. Mygrainman

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    I rent the house I grew up in from my father... He’s in his late 70’s and just started collecting guns a few years ago. He has always wanted a really nice revolver, but never found one in his price range that he liked... I owed him a little bit of cash, and rent is coming due in a few weeks, so...
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  4. Dyjital

    National  Background Check Person Must Pay for Firearm?

    Ok.. So I'm at the counter yesterday going to purchase a Kimber Micro 9 and I check with the wife, she says wait.. I'll buy it with my rewards card tomorrow. So I place a 24hr hold and walk out of store. Today I come back, she is between a few scheduled events and is there to pay. Background...
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