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new zealand

New Zealand (Māori: Aotearoa [aɔˈtɛaɾɔa]) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island (Te Ika-a-Māui), and the South Island (Te Waipounamu)—and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 1,500 kilometres (900 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal, and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.
Sometime between 1250 and 1300, Polynesians settled in the islands that later were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand. In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands. In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion; it gained full statutory independence in 1947 and the British monarch remained the head of state. Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.9 million is of European descent; the indigenous Māori are the largest minority, followed by Asians and Pacific Islanders. Reflecting this, New Zealand's culture is mainly derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration. The official languages are English, Māori, and NZ Sign Language, with English being very dominant.
A developed country, New Zealand ranks highly in international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, protection of civil liberties, and economic freedom. New Zealand underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy. The service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, and agriculture; international tourism is a significant source of revenue. Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the Prime Minister, who is currently Jacinda Ardern. Queen Elizabeth II is the country's head of state and is represented by a governor-general, currently Dame Patsy Reddy. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes. The Realm of New Zealand also includes Tokelau (a dependent territory); the Cook Islands and Niue (self-governing states in free association with New Zealand); and the Ross Dependency, which is New Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica. New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, ASEAN Plus mechanism, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and the Pacific Islands Forum.

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  1. DB Wesner

    International  New Zealand struggles to enforce gun-control law

    New Zealand struggles to enforce gun-control law – The Mercury News
  2. 4Freedom

    International  Maori Groups Say They WIll Not Turn In Guns.. NZ Gov't Says They Will One Way Or Another!

    European colonists massacred many innocent Maoris before colonizing their land.. Now, the New Zealand government wants to talk about taking guns away from the Maori people who now say they will refuse to give them up! Well, if New Zealand government starts slaughtering Maoris because they refuse...
  3. WowReactsOnly

    International  New Zealand gun turn in site shut down by DOS attack

    Triggered Millennials on Instagram: “SWIPE to see the New Zealand PATRIOTS reaching new levels of trolling! They’re not giving them up that easy! We are with you! Thank…” Apparently this happened lol. Don't care for the page name but the 40 watt plasma rifle one made me chuckle.
  4. cigars

    International  Here it comes...

    Straight outta New Zealand. Here comes the ban. Following in Australia's footsteps. Will they ban the Go Pro's too? Anti-Gunners here are salivating at the mouth. Christchurch mosque shootings: New Zealand to ban semi-automatic weapons
  5. WowReactsOnly

    New Zealand gun owners begin voluntarily turning in semi autos

    After New Zealand attack, gun owners are voluntarily handing over their weapons
  6. O

    Mosque Shooting in NZ

    Absolutely insane. Dude livestreamed it. I watched it out of a morbid curiosity and found it utterly horrific. The shooter was without remorse, and his manifesto is nuts. Christchurch mosque shootings: One arrested, at least nine dead What is of interest are his efforts to drag US gun culture...
  7. ATCclears

    An analysis after seven years of living in New Zealand

    A four-part article: New Zealand: Thoughts After Seven Years, by Nivek New Zealand: Thoughts After Seven Years, Part 2, by Nivek New Zealand: Thoughts After Seven Years, Part 3, by Nivek New Zealand: Thoughts After Seven Years, Part 4, by Nivek In the last article the author provides...