An axe (in American English also spelled ax) is an implement that has been used for millennia to shape, split and cut wood; to harvest timber; as a weapon; and as a ceremonial or heraldic symbol. The axe has many forms and specialised uses but generally consists of an axe head with a handle, or helve.
Before the modern axe, the stone-age hand axe was used from 1.5 million years BP without a handle. It was later fastened to a wooden handle. The earliest examples of handled axes have heads of stone with some form of wooden handle attached (hafted) in a method to suit the available materials and use. Axes made of copper, bronze, iron, and steel appeared as these technologies developed. Axes are usually composed of a head and a handle.
The axe is an example of a simple machine, as it is a type of wedge, or dual inclined plane. This reduces the effort needed by the wood chopper. It splits the wood into two parts by the pressure concentration at the blade. The handle of the axe also acts as a lever allowing the user to increase the force at the cutting edge—not using the full length of the handle is known as choking the axe. For fine chopping using a side axe this sometimes is a positive effect, but for felling with a double bitted axe it reduces efficiency.
Generally, cutting axes have a shallow wedge angle, whereas splitting axes have a deeper angle. Most axes are double bevelled, i.e. symmetrical about the axis of the blade, but some specialist broadaxes have a single bevel blade, and usually an offset handle that allows them to be used for finishing work without putting the user's knuckles at risk of injury. Less common today, they were once an integral part of a joiner and carpenter's tool kit, not just a tool for use in forestry. A tool of similar origin is the billhook. However, in France and Holland the billhook often replaced the axe as a joiner's bench tool.
Most modern axes have steel heads and wooden handles, typically hickory in the US and ash in Europe, although plastic or fibreglass handles are also common. Modern axes are specialised by use, size, and form. Hafted axes with short handles designed for use with one hand are often called hand axes but the term hand axe refers to axes without handles as well. Hatchets tend to be small hafted axes often with a hammer on the back side (the poll). As easy-to-make weapons, axes have frequently been used in combat.
  1. HA556

    Hiking/Camp Axe?

    Please read entire post! Looking for a lightweight hiking and camp axe. It needs to be light enough to carry on hikes without being cumbersome and, sturdy enough to do any job short of cutting down trees. Will also double as a camping trip axe to go along with my bushcraft knife. Lets see yours...
  2. albin25

    Henry's lastest.... the 410 "AXE"

    Now THIS could be a nice addition to the backpack, bedside or bug-out kit! side-gate, 5 round, and nice to look at too
  3. The Heretic

    Man Attacked by Black Bear Kills It With an Axe

    This Man Was Attacked by a Black Bear. He Killed It with an Axe. The pics on the page are weird for some reason - if you right click on them and open in a new tab you get a poor res but somewhat discernable photo.
  4. C

    I have been eyeing the Estwing "Hunter's Axe".

    A shorter handle with the same Rubber/Nylon handle makes for an interesting arrangement. The Axe bit is a good one and the gut hook on the other end makes short work of skinning medium-size game animals. The "Hunter's Axe" is forged from 1055 Carbon Steel like the rest of the Estwing edged...
  5. U

    Other State  Florida City Commissioner shoots and kills shoplifter trying to exit store with hatchet

    The debate is currently raging, over whether he should be charged with a crime. Here are links to some news reports about this shooting: Surveillance video shows moments before Lakeland commissioner shoots, kills man for stealing hatchet Did Lakeland commissioner need to kill suspected...
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