Arlington National Cemetary

Discussion in 'Off Topic' started by Hayshaker, Sep 2, 2015.

  1. Hayshaker

    Well-Known Member

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    - Arlington Cemetery :
    Most of you who receive this have the "option" of forwarding this on. Some of us do not consider it an "option" but consider it an "honor" to share this information by forwarding this email every time we receive it. We're proud of our men and women who have served, who do serve and who will serve no matter where they may be....Amen

    God Bless and keep them.


    Jeopardy awhile back, the final question was
    "How many steps does the guard take during his
    walk across the tomb of the Unknowns?"
    All three contestants missed it!
    This is really an awesome sight to watch if you've never had the chance .
    Fascinating. Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

    How many steps does the guard take during his
    walk across the tomb of the Unknowns
    and why?

    steps :
    alludes to the twenty-one gun salute which
    is the
    highest honor given any

    military or foreign

    How long does he hesitate after his about face
    to begin his return
    walk and why?

    seconds for the same reason as answer number

    Why are his gloves wet?

    gloves are moistened to prevent his losing his
    grip on the rifle.

    Does he carry his rifle on the same shoulder all
    the time
    and , if
    not, why not?

    He carries the rifle on the shoulder away from the tomb. After his march across the path, he executes an about face and moves the rifle to the outside shoulder.

    How often are the guards changed?

    are changed every thirty minutes,
    twenty-four hours a day, 365 days a

    What are the physical traits of the guard
    limited to?


    person to apply for guard duty at the tomb, he
    must be
    between 5' 10' and 6' 2' tall and
    his waist size cannot exceed 30.

    must commit 2 years of life to guard the tomb,
    live in a barracks under the tomb, and cannot
    drink any alcohol on or off duty for the rest of
    their lives. They cannot swear in public for the
    rest of their lives and cannot disgrace the
    uniform or the tomb in any way.

    two years, the guard is given a wreath pin that
    is worn on
    their lapel signifying they
    served as guard of the tomb. There are only
    400 presently worn. The guard must obey
    these rules for the rest of their
    lives or
    give up the wreath pin.

    shoes are specially made with very thick soles
    to keep the heat and cold from their feet.
    There are metal heel plates that extend to
    the top
    of the shoe in order to make the loud click as
    they come

    to a halt.

    There are no
    wrinkles, folds or lint on the uniform. Guards
    dress for duty
    in front of a full-length

    The first six months of duty a
    guard cannot talk to anyone nor
    watch TV.
    All off duty time is spent studying the 175
    notable people laid
    to rest in
    Arlington National Cemetery .
    A guard must memorize who they are and where
    they are interred. Among the notables are:

    President Taft,
    Joe Lewis {the boxer}
    Medal of Honor winner Audie L. Murphy, the most
    decorated soldier of WWII and of Hollywood fame.
    Every guard spends five hours a day getting his uniforms ready for guard duty..

    2003 as Hurricane Isabelle was
    approaching Washington ,
    DC , our
    US Senate/House took 2 days
    off with anticipation of the storm. On the ABC
    evening news, it was reported that because of
    the dangers from the
    hurricane, the military
    members assigned the duty of guarding the Tomb
    the Unknown Soldier were given permission
    to suspend the assignment. They

    respectfully declined the offer, "No way,
    Sir!" Soaked to the skin,
    marching in the
    pelting rain of a tropical storm, they said that
    the Tomb was not just an assignment,

    it was the highest honor that can be
    to a service person. The tomb has been patrolled
    24/7, since 1930.

    Bless and keep them.

    I'd be
    very proud if this email
    reached as many as possible. We can be very
    proud of our men
    in the service.
    ogre, Caveman Jim, 41Slinger and 5 others like this.
  2. d2the3

    Eugene, Oregon
    Well-Known Member

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    Went there in March of 2007, it was cold!! It was quite a sight to see. My dad , brother and I watched the guard change twice cause it was so cool the first time. Their discipline is unparalleled to anything I've seen and I'm sure will ever see again.

    Thanks for the history!!
    U201491 and BoonDocks36 like this.
  3. clearconscience

    Vancouver, WA
    Gold Supporter Gold Supporter

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    I saw a special on the Discovery channel about the Soldiers that watch over the tomb.
    It was intense. Those guys have a ton of discipline and honor.

    U201491, Caveman Jim and BoonDocks36 like this.
  4. Lilhigbee

    SE Portland
    Visit Gold Supporter

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    Checking with Snopes,
    or your "fact" finder of choice reveals a few discrepancies;
    The guard does not do an about-face, but two 90-degree turns with a 21 second interval between.
    There is no term commitment.
    They are not prohibited drinking, swearing, TV or personal interactions, but only are not to exhibit behavior unbecoming a Tomb Guard, nor dishonor the Tomb.
    A couple of others and some interesting trivia at the link. I thought it a worthwhile read.
    U201491 and Dyjital like this.
  5. U201491

    U201491 Well-Known Member

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    More Info and a couple corrections.
    Thanks for the thread. It is a good reminder.

    How does the guard rotation work? Is it an 8 hour shift?
    Currently, the Tomb Guards work on a three Relief (team) rotation - 24 hours on, 24 hours off, 24 hours on, 24 hours off, 24 hours on, 96 hours off. However, over the years it has been different. The time off isn't exactly free time. It takes the average Sentinel 8 hours to prep their uniform for the next work day. Additionally, they have Physical Training, Tomb Guard training, and haircuts to complete before the next work day.

    How many steps does the Sentinel take during their 'walk' by the Tomb of the Unknowns and why?
    Twenty-one steps. It alludes to the twenty-one gun salute, which is the highest honor given any military or foreign dignitary.

    How long does the Sentinel hesitate after the facing movement to begin the return walk? Is the rifle carried on the same shoulder all the time?
    The Sentinel does not execute an about face, rather they stop on the 21st step, then turn and face the Tomb for 21 seconds. They then turn to face back down the mat, change the weapon to the outside shoulder, mentally count off 21 seconds, then step off for another 21 step walk down the mat. They face the Tomb at each end of the 21 step walk for 21 seconds. The Sentinel then repeats this over and over until the the Guard Change ceremony begins.

    Why are the Sentinel's gloves wet?
    Gloves are moistened to improve the grip on the rifle.

    How often are the Guards changed?
    The Guard is changed every thirty minutes during the summer (April 1 to Sep 30) and every hour during the winter (Oct 1 to Mar 31). During the hours the cemetery is closed, the guard is changed every 2 hours. The Tomb is guarded, and has been guarded, every minute of every day since 1937.

    Is it true a Sentinel must commit for two years to guard the Tomb, live in a barracks under the tomb, and cannot drink any alcohol on or off duty for the rest of their lives.
    No, this is a false rumor. The average tour at the Tomb is about a 18 months. However, there is NO set time for service there. Sentinels live either in a barracks on Ft. Myer (the Army post located adjacent to the cemetery) or off base if they like. They do have a living quarters under the steps of the amphitheater where they stay during their 24 hour shifts. If they are of legal age, they may drink except while on duty.

    Is it true they cannot swear in public for the rest of their lives?
    Again, another false rumor.

    Is it true after two years, the guard is given a wreath pin that is worn on their lapel signifying they served as Guard of the Tomb, that there are only 600 presently worn, and that the Guard must obey these rules for the rest of their lives or give up the wreath pin?
    The Tomb Guard Identification Badge (TGIB) is awarded after the Sentinel passes a series of tests. The TGIB is permanently awarded after a Sentinel has served nine months as a Sentinel at the Tomb. Over 600 have been awarded since its creation in the late 1950's (on average 10 per year). And while the TGIB can be revoked, the offense must be such that it discredits the Tomb of the Unknowns. Revocation is at the 3rd Infantry Regimental Commander’s discretion and can occur while active duty or even when the Sentinel is a civilian. The TGIB is a full size award, worn on the right pocket of the uniform jacket, not a lapel pin.

    Are the shoes specially made with very thick soles to keep the heat and cold from their feet?
    The shoes are standard issue military dress shoes. They are built up so the sole and heel are equal in height. This allows the Sentinel to stand with a straight back and perpendicular to the ground. A side effect of this is that the Sentinel can "roll" on the outside of the build up walking down the mat. Done correctly, the hat and bayonet will appear to not "bob" up and down with each step. It gives a more formal, fluid and smooth look to the walk, rather than a "marching" appearance.

    The soles have a steel tip on the toe and a "horseshoe" steel plate on the heel. This prevents wear on the sole and allows the Sentinel to move smoothly during his movements when he turns to face the Tomb and then back down the mat.

    Then there is the "clicker". It is a shank of steel attached to the inside of the face of the heel build-up on each shoe. It allows the Sentinel to heel click during certain movements. A guard change is considered great when all the heel clicks fall together and sound as one click. The guard change is occasionally done in the "silent" mode (as a sign of devotion to the Unknowns) with no voice commands - every thing is done in relation to the heel clicks and on specific counts.

    How many times will a Sentinel be on duty during the shift?
    Each Relief has a 24 hour rotational work day. Ideally, four qualified Sentinels, one Relief Commander (RC), one Assistant Relief Commander (ARC), and several Sentinels in training comprise the Relief. The daily walk schedule is made by the RC or ARC and is dependent on the number of Sentinels who are proficient enough to guard the Tomb in front of the public. Generally, the Sentinel will do several walks back to back and then be done for the day. However, in extreme cases, Sentinels have been known to go back-to-back (every other walk) for the entire shift.

    How do the Soldiers get to and from the quarters without being seen?
    Most wear civilian clothes - although the short, tight haircuts tend to give them away.

    There is a small green shack next to the Tomb. What is it for?
    'The Box' (as it is affectionately known) is used primarily during wreath laying ceremonies for the Sentinel to retreat to while flowers and Taps are being presented. There also is a phone with a direct line downstairs to the Tomb Guard Quarters. This is used in times of emergencies or just to notify the next shift of something.

    Has anyone ever tried to get past the Tomb guards, or attempted to deface the Tomb?
    Yes, that is the reason why we now guard the Tomb. Back in the early 1920's, we didn't have guards and the Tomb looked much different. It was flat at ground level without the 70 ton marble 'cap'. People often came to the cemetery in those days and a few actually used the Tomb as a picnic area, likely because of the view. Soon after in 1925, they posted a civilian guard. In 1926, a US Army soldier was posted during cemetery hours. On July 1, 1937 guard duty was expanded to the 24 hour watch. Since then, the ceremony has evolved throughout the years to you see today. Today, most of the challenges faced by the Sentinels are tourists who are speaking to loudly or attempting to get a better picture (by entering the post).

    What happened to the soldier that was in the Tomb from the Vietnam War?
    The remains of the Vietnam Unknown Soldier were exhumed May 14, 1998. Based on mitochondrial DNA testing, DoD scientists identified the remains as those of Air Force 1st Lt. Michael Joseph Blassie, who was shot down near An Loc, Vietnam, in 1972. It has been decided that the crypt that contained the remains of the Vietnam Unknown will remain vacant. (Further Background) (News Article from the Department of Defense)

    What is it like to guard in bad weather?
    The Sentinels at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier are completely dedicated to their duty of guarding the Tomb. In fact, line eight of our Sentinel's Creed refers to the "discomfort of the elements". Because of their dedication, the weather does not bother them. In fact, it is considered an honor to walk the mat during inclement weather. It gets cold, it gets hot and the mission continues as it has unbroken since 1937.

    Do you guard in a blizzard or a bad thunderstorm?
    YES, but the accomplishment of the mission and welfare of the Soldier is never put at risk. The Tomb Guards have contingencies that are ready to be executed if the weather conditions ever place the Soldiers at risk of injury or death (i.e. lightning, high winds, etc). This ensures that Sentinels can continue the mission while ensuring safety. It is the responsibility of the Chain of Command from the Sergeant of the Guard to the Regimental Commander to ensure mission accomplishment and soldier welfare at all times.

    It was erroneously reported that during Hurricane Isabel, the Sentinels were ordered to abandon their posts for shelter and that they refused. No such order was ever given. All proper precautions were taken to ensure the safety of the Sentinels while accomplishing their mission. Risk assessments are constantly conducted by the Chain of Command during changing conditions to ensure that soldier welfare is maintained during mission accomplishment.

    Do you guard all night long, even when the cemetery is closed?
    The Tomb is guarded 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. In fact, there has been a Sentinel on duty in front of the Tomb every minute of every day since 1937.

    How many Sentinels have been female?
    Although there have been several female soldiers who have went through training, there have only been three females that have received the Tomb Guard Identification Badge.

    Is the rifle that the Sentinel carries loaded?
    Tomb Guards carry fully functional M14 rifles. Given the current climate surrounding the relatively recent tragic events in Canada (attack upon the guard at the Canadian War Memorial), we will no longer be answering questions relating to specifics regarding current security and armament at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. We appreciate your understanding.

    Rest assured, that the US Army has the post secured as it has been since we started guard duty at the shrine in 1926.
  6. Hayshaker

    Well-Known Member

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    I stand corrected. I did not know this about Arlington National cemetery. But glad I posted as I'm sure a lot of people were not aware of this important landmark and the history of it.
    U201491 likes this.
  7. BoonDocks36

    Oregon, in the boondocks
    Christian. Conservative. Male.

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    And the ~Request~ for silence is Strictly Enforced....

    I have stood, at Attention, in civies, as a funeral was conducted ..... I was on my way to pay respects to one of our Pilots, I missed his funeral, by One Day.

    You just do Not Move during a ceremony, they post Guards at each "street corner" of the ~Block~ in use....

    In the hours I was there... I saw that funeral, another one in Procession... Then as I was reaching the main gate, a Third being formed up.... By Service, the First one, Army, Second one Navy, the Third was Air Force.... The reception center has the most respectful Help I have ever seen: say the Name Rank and Service, and they will draw how to (walk) there, on preprinted maps.... All in a very quiet reserved tone...

    I could not imagine that as a Detail of Military Service...

    philip, gotta go... My tear ducts are leaking again.
    U201491 likes this.

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