The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the revenue service of the United States federal government. The government agency is a bureau of the Department of the Treasury, and is under the immediate direction of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, who is appointed for a five year term by the President of the United States. The IRS is responsible for collecting taxes and administering the Internal Revenue Code, the federal statutory tax law of the U.S. Its duty to maximize tax revenue entails providing tax assistance to taxpayers, as well as pursuing and resolving instances of erroneous or fraudulent tax filings. The IRS has also overseen various benefits programs, and enforces portions of the Affordable Care Act.
The IRS originated with the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, a federal office created in 1862 to assess the nation's first income tax, which was to raise funds for the American Civil War. The temporary measure provided over a fifth of the Union's war expenses and was allowed to expire a decade later. In 1913, the Sixteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified authorizing Congress to impose a tax on income, and the Bureau of Internal Revenue was established. In the 1950s, the agency was renamed the Internal Revenue Service and significantly reorganized. The Tax Reform Act of 1986 modernized the IRS and restructured it along a private sector model.
In the 2015 fiscal year, the IRS processed almost 240 million returns and collected approximately $3.3 trillion in revenue, spending 35¢ for every $100 it collected.

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  1. Wayne

    IRS Refund

    All I heard during the Gov't shut down was how much longer refunds were going to take because of it and it was all Trumps fault. Well, I filled the night of 2/23 and it showed up in my bank account today. So much for taking longer.
  2. RicInOR

    National  The IRS has 4500 Guns

    TaxProf Blog: GAO: The IRS Has 4,500 Guns, 5,000,000 Rounds of Ammunition I get that the IRS needs some agents to be armed. But 4000?
  3. Alex V

    Tax Refund vs Tax Stamp

    Well the race is on sort of. The ATF already lost this one a long while ago, but according to NFA Tracker, Form 4 Individual wait times are averaging 5 months and I'm at about 4 1/2. I also just finished filing my taxes, so I'm wondering what will happen first, my Tax Stamp approval or my Tax...
  4. IronMonster

    HK Parts guy sentenced to 4 years in prison after paying $1.8 mil in restitution to IRS

    Utah businessman convicted of tax fraud, selling firearms without a license is sentenced to four years in federal prison U.S. District Judge Dee Benson was unmoved by a crestfallen apology from a Salt Lake County businessman on Thursday. “I think deceit is one of his most apparent...
  5. ATCclears

    IRS now determining who to audit by also mining social media

    The IRS Decides Who To Audit By Data Mining Social Media - Slashdot
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