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Gun laws in Idaho regulate the sale, possession, and use of firearms and ammunition in the state of Idaho in the United States.

On Friday, March 25th, 2016 Governor Butch Otter signed into law SB1389 making it legal for Idahoans 21 years of age and older to carry a concealed gun without a permit within cities; permitless carry outside city limits was already legal.
Idaho is a "shall issue" state for concealed carry. The local county sheriff shall issue a concealed weapons license to a qualified applicant within 90 days. Applicants may be required to demonstrate familiarity with a firearm, generally by having taken an approved training course or by having received training in the military. A permit is valid for five years; permits issued before July 1, 2006 are valid for four years. Idaho recognizes valid concealed carry permits from all states. A concealed weapon may not be carried at a school (primary or secondary) or at a school sponsored activity, in a courthouse, in a prison or detention facility, at a psychiatric hospital, or in certain other governmentally designated locations. It is unlawful to carry a concealed weapon while intoxicated.
On July 1, 2013, Idaho legislation came into effect which created an "Enhanced Concealed Weapons License" designed to meet the criterion required by several other states to enter into agreements of reciprocal recognition of Concealed Carry Permits. Among the requirements listed in Idaho statute 18-3302, an applicant must:
either be a resident of the state of Idaho for six months or hold a license in their state of residency
complete an eight-hour training course, which shall consist of:
instruction on Idaho firearms law conducted by a law enforcement officer or state bar certified lawyer
instruction on the basic concepts of the safe and responsible use of handguns
instruction on self-defense principles
live-fire training including the firing of a minimum of 98 rounds.

As of July 1, 2014, persons with an Idaho "Enhanced Concealed Weapons Licence" (hereafter "Idaho Enhanced Permit") or qualified retired law enforcement officer are allowed to carry concealed on a public college or university campus. However, this does not apply to student dormitories or residence halls, nor does it apply to a public entertainment or sporting facility that has a seating capacity of 1,000+ persons.
Open carry is legal in Idaho. A concealed weapons license is not required for open carry, nor for long guns (concealed or not). The firearm being openly carried must be clearly visible. A firearm can also be transported in a vehicle, as long as it is in plain view, or is disassembled or unloaded. A concealed weapons license is not required when you are outside the confines of a city, or when in a motor vehicle while engaged in other lawful outdoor activities. As of July 1, 2016, a concealed weapons license is not required for Idaho residents 21 and older within city limits; nonresidents still require a permit.
Idaho has state preemption of firearms laws, local units of government cannot regulate the ownership, possession, use, transportation, or carry of firearms, firearm components or ammunition. The state constitution states that "No law shall impose licensure, registration or special taxation on the ownership or possession of firearms or ammunition. Nor shall any law permit the confiscation of firearms, except those actually used in the commission of a felony."
The possession of automatic firearms is permitted, as long such possession is in compliance with all federal regulations.

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