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China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of over 1.381 billion. The state is governed by the Communist Party of China and its capital is Beijing. It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and Chongqing) and two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau), also claiming sovereignty over Taiwan. The country's major urban areas include Shanghai, Guangzhou, Beijing, Chongqing, Shenzhen, Tianjin and Hong Kong. China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower.
Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles), China is the world's second largest state by land area and either the third or fourth-largest by total area, depending on the method of measurement. China's landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklamakan Deserts in the arid north to subtropical forests in the wetter south. The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from much of South and Central Asia. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third and sixth longest in the world, respectively, run from the Tibetan Plateau to the densely populated eastern seaboard. China's coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometers (9,000 mi) long and is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East China and South China seas.
China emerged as one of the world's earliest civilizations in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies known as dynasties, beginning with the Xia dynasty (c. 2070 BCE). Since 221 BCE, when the Qin dynasty conquered the other largest six states to form the first unified Chinese empire, China has then expanded, fractured and re-unified numerous times in the following millennia. In 1912, the Republic of China (ROC) replaced the last dynasty and ruled the Chinese mainland until 1949, when it was defeated by the communist People's Liberation Army in the Chinese Civil War. The Communist Party established the People's Republic of China in Beijing on 1 October 1949, while the ROC government relocated to Taiwan with its present de facto temporary capital in Taipei. Both the ROC and PRC continue to claim to be the legitimate government of all China, though the latter has more recognition in the world and controls more territory.
China had the largest economy in the world for much of the last two thousand years, during which it has seen cycles of prosperity and decline. Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has become one of the world's fastest-growing major economies. As of 2016, it is the world's second-largest economy by nominal GDP and largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). China is also the world's largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods. China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army and second-largest defense budget. The PRC is a member of the United Nations, as it replaced the ROC as a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council in 1971. China is also a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the BCIM and the G-20.

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  1. CountryGent

    Chinese Warlord Pistol: the Luger Grip Type

    Now that's just weird. It looks like a C/96 and a Luger got their freak on. (Might explain the "Wauser" marking.)
  2. ATCclears

    China detects electromagnetic signals from space

    from this morning... Contact? CHINA’S LARGE RADIO TELESCOPE DETECTS SIGNS OF ALIEN CIVILIZATION: China’s giant Sky Eye telescope may have picked up signs of extraterrestrial life, according to a report from its state-backed Science and Technology Daily. The Sky Eye radio...
  3. ATCclears

    China has produced a space-based hypersonic weapon with unlimited range

    from a daily, free email from CHINA ACHIEVES OVERMATCH IN SPACE-BASED WEAPONS: China has produced a space-based hypersonic weapon with unlimited range. The weapon, part of its fractional orbital bombardment program, can attack a target from any azimuth and uses a...
  4. ATCclears

    Autonomous Chinese Drone Swarm Flies Through Forest

    Good (lost child) or bad (hunting).
  5. ATCclears

    Helium-3 (mined from the Moon)

    Nestled in 3.82 pounds of moon soil is what China hopes could be the answer to fueling its future. Chinese nuclear scientists are studying samples carried back by China’s Chang’e 5 late last year in the first mission to return with lunar material since the Soviet Union’s in 1976. One of those...
  6. ATCclears

    China’s Dystopian “New IP” Plan Shows Need for Renewed US Commitment to Internet Governance

    Huawei’s plans for 6G and beyond make U.S. concerns over 5G look paltry: Huawei is proposing a fundamental internet redesign, which it calls “New IP,” designed to build “intrinsic security” into the web. Intrinsic security means that individuals must register to use the internet, and authorities...
  7. ATCclears

    China creates its own digital currency
  8. ATCclears

    China lands on the Moon
  9. papersoldier

    In light of the recent Chinese virus problem, I present - Gutter oil!

    This video serves as a good example of how disease can spread so rapidly in countries with such a high disregard for healthy living practices: Video on the use of "gutter oil" in Chinese cooking.
  10. ATCclears

    Google's Sidewalk Labs, and a prototype in Toronto?

    Some parallels with China's social-credit system?
  11. mkwerx

    China Tries Starting War with Alien Overlords

    ‘New Chapter’ in Space Exploration as China Reaches Far Side of the Moon I channelled Alex Jones for the title. China is claiming to have landed a probe on the dark side of the moon. Where the alien cities are supposed to be. We are doomed. :oops: :rolleyes:
  12. ma96782

    Pay your taxes in China or else?

    You'll disappear. Chinese actress 'missing' for 3 months returns with apology Aloha, Mark
  13. awshoot

    International  Man kills 9 kids in school attack in China

    Just a reminder, Crazy doesn't need a gun: Knife Attack at Chinese Middle School Leaves Nine Children Dead Although when searching for the above, I came across this story that's four years old but I never heard about it -- jeez, 33 dead, 130 injured in a group knife attack: 33 Dead, 130...
  14. ATCclears

    New pneumonia strain in China

    Triple Threat: New Pneumonia Is Drug-Resistant, Deadly And Contagious
  15. U

    Why is China providing free guns to the Philippines Army to fight Muslim insurgents?

    President Duarte of the Philippines is becoming closer and closer to China. What implications could this have for security in Asia? China just agreed to make an emergency free donation of new rifles to the Philippines Army, in order to help that nation battle Muslim insurgents. Why is China...
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