Trade involves the transfer of goods and services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money. Economists refer to a system or network that allows trade as a market.
An early form of trade, barter, saw the direct exchange of goods and services for other goods and services, i.e. trading things without the use of money. Modern traders generally negotiate through a medium of exchange, such as money. As a result, buying can be separated from selling, or earning. The invention of money (and letter of credit, paper money, and non-physical money) greatly simplified and promoted trade. Trade between two traders is called bilateral trade, while trade involving more than two traders is called multilateral trade.
In one modern view, trade exists due to specialization and the division of labour, a predominant form of economic activity in which individuals and groups concentrate on a small aspect of production, but use their output in trades for other products and needs. Trade exists between regions because different regions may have a comparative advantage (perceived or real) in the production of some trade-able commodity—including production of natural resources scarce or limited elsewhere. For example: different regions' sizes may encourage mass production. In such circumstances, trade at market prices between locations can benefit both locations. Different types of traders may specialize in trading different kinds of goods; for example, the spice trade and grain trade have both historically been important in the development of a global, international economy.
Retail trade consists of the sale of goods or merchandise from a very fixed location (such as a department store, boutique or kiosk), online or by mail, in small or individual lots for direct consumption or use by the purchaser. Wholesale trade is traffic in goods that are sold as merchandise to retailers, or to industrial, commercial, institutional, or other professional business users, or to other wholesalers and related subordinated services.
Historically, openness to free trade substantially increased in some areas from 1815 to the outbreak of World War I in 1914. Trade openness increased again during the 1920s but collapsed (in particular in Europe and North America) during the Great Depression of the 1930s. Trade openness increased substantially again from the 1950s onwards (albeit with a slowdown during the oil crisis of the 1970s). Economists and economic historians contend that current levels of trade openness are the highest they have ever been.

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  1. BrattyTaco44

    Buying a gun with a misdemeanor person to person 13 yrs ago

    So I got a duii charge and a reckless endangering of a minor (misdemeanor) back in 2012. Person to person crime.... Can I pass a background check for a gun?
  2. R

    looking for RCBS dies #56350

    Looking for RCBS dies for reloading a Nambu 8x22mm. The dies are discontinues. #56350 and I am hoping to find a set. Have the casings, primers and bullets just need the dies. Been buying ammo from Steinel but had to wait a year last time i ordered them.
  3. Jay Walk

    Washington - Who's buying NOW to avoid the lines and waits after Permit to Purchase?

    Got one today, Getting another tomorrow. Not going to attend the Sheet Show that is likely headed our way.
  4. L

    Gun buying question

    It has been the policy or law that you can buy a rifle or shotgun in an adjoining state. Which states background check would they use say you bought a rifle in Idaho?
  5. BrandonOR

    Northwest  Buying guns from people in other states

    I'm in Oregon can I go up to Washington and buy a rifle from someone on this site? Can they ship it to my FFL and I pick it up? What if it's a handgun? Thank in advance
  6. arakboss

    Are you addicted to buying guns?

    I have been on a gun buying binge since just before the election. I have justified this recent binge by convincing myself that I won't be able to purchase any more firearms through FFLs if Measure 114 restrictions go into effect. I believe an outsider looking in on my purchases would think I am...
  7. Hueco

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    This weapon in its nickel plated variety is a wishlist item…but also far too pricey for me right now. I did, however, come across a decently clean good ol’ nothin fancy model with 3 mags at a pawn shop. They want $475 for it. What say you? Worth it for that price or pass?
  8. Haymaker2021

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    What are the new gun laws pertaining to purchasing. Pistol, rifle, shotgun. Can I buy my over 18 year old son and daughter .
  9. SonicBlue03

    Downsides to precious metals?

    My stepfather has been investing in silver, gold, and the like for about forty years. He's at a point where he sees it more as passing on legacy. Mom sees it more as a hassle. Short of having a very real (and fluctuating value depending on demand and market) what are the actual downsides to...
  10. ocarolan

    Russian snipers buying up 338 Lapua in USA

    “Konoshchenok was stopped at the Estonian border with 35 different types of semiconductors…, as well as thousands of U.S.-made 6.5mm bullets, which are used in military sniper rifles.” On November 24, 2022, Konoshchenok was again stopped attempting to cross into Russia with approximately twenty...
  11. arakboss

    National  Is it legal for an FFL to separate and sell only the frame of a complete pistol?

    Can a gun shop legally separate and sell me the frame only from a complete pistol they have in inventory?
  12. MikeInOr

    What magazines are you buying before the ban goes into effect?

    "Large-capacity magazine" means a fixed or detachable magazine, belt, drum, feed strip, helical feeding device, or similar device, including any such device joined or coupled with another in any manner, or a kit with such parts, that has an overall capacity of, or that can be readily restored...
  13. Tacoshop

    Northwest  Buying guns in Washington…

    Are Oregonians going to be able to buy firearms in Washington after December 8th? Does 114 keep lawful gun owners from being able to even purchase out of state firearms? Thanks Nicole
  14. arakboss

    National  Buying Long Gun From Out of State FFL Post Measure 114

    I understand FFLs are suppose to follow the laws of both the State they operate in and the state that out of state customers reside in. That has not been happening and I have personal experience to know so. Oregon law requires FFLs to run background checks through the Oregon State Police (not...
  15. arakboss

    Buying & Selling Firearms In Post Measure 114 World.

    If by some miracle they find suitcases full of No Votes, I will revise my buying and selling guidelines. These are my self imposed guidelines that I will follow if Measure 114 restrictions pass. All sales will be final regardless of whether a buyer is able to complete the background check or...
  16. Dan_g

    GTA Ammu-nation:

  17. boxof22

    Buying and selling Firearms in the Zoomer age

    I remember briefly being able to buy and sell airsoft guns on craigslist. That is no longer a thing in the age we live. Politics are the reason. But I'm glad I stubbled on this site. There are a lot of articles people talk about on this site and forms that have questions and answers for people...
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