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Beer is the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drink in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea. Beer is brewed from cereal grains — most commonly from malted barley, though wheat, maize (corn), and rice are also used. During the brewing process, fermentation of the starch sugars in the wort produces ethanol and carbonation in the resulting beer. Most modern beer is brewed with hops, which add bitterness and other flavours and act as a natural preservative and stabilizing agent. Other flavouring agents such as gruit, herbs, or fruits may be included or used instead of hops. In commercial brewing, the natural carbonation effect is often removed during processing and replaced with forced carbonation.
Some of humanity's earliest known writings refer to the production and distribution of beer: the Code of Hammurabi included laws regulating beer and beer parlours, and "The Hymn to Ninkasi", a prayer to the Mesopotamian goddess of beer, served as both a prayer and as a method of remembering the recipe for beer in a culture with few literate people.
Beer is distributed in bottles and cans and is also commonly available on draught, particularly in pubs and bars. The brewing industry is a global business, consisting of several dominant multinational companies and many thousands of smaller producers ranging from brewpubs to regional breweries. The strength of modern beer is usually around 4% to 6% alcohol by volume (abv), although it may vary between 0.5% and 20%, with some breweries creating examples of 40% abv and above. Beer forms part of the culture of many nations and is associated with social traditions such as beer festivals as well as a rich pub culture involving activities like pub crawling and pub games such as bar billiards.
Various legal definitions of beer exist in different countries. Historically, the most famous of these was the Reinheitsgebot, which applied to parts of the Holy Roman Empire and Germany and required beer to be made from only water, hops, and barley. Today in Canada, the Canadian Government’s Food and Drug Regulations state that beer must have alcohol content that ranges from 1.1% to 8.6%, though it also includes a stipulation that it could be greater than 8.6% and labeled accordingly. Beer in South Korea must have less than 25% ABV, which means that it has to be 25 mL of alcohol or less per 100 mL of solution and can be considered ‘lite’ only if it has less than 30 kcal per 100ml. Additionally, beer in South Korea must use only water, hops, and starches (wheat, rice, barley, corn, or potato) as ingredients in the brewing process. In Singapore, beer must have at minimum 1.0% alcohol by volume concentration at 20 °C. It is often brewed from a mixture of grains like malt, sugars or its equivalent, and hops or other vegetables.

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  1. skarz

    Home brewing

    Any guys on here brewing their own adult beverages at home? It's been something I've been interested in for a while so yesterday I decided to say screw it and try it out. For now just using a 6 gallon HDPE bucket to ferment in... Nothing fancy. :D First recipe I'm trying out is a rather simple...
  2. DB is Here

    Find a Summer beer worth sharing?

    Recently I found a new beer, it's called Super Fuzz: Its a blood orange Pale Ale, just a fantastic summer beer. What's your new find?
  3. RedRover

    Who has the better beer in the PNW, Oregon or Washington?

    Figuring that most all of us share a similar passion for firearms, as a first thread offering, how about a little friendly regional banter among friends? Who has the better (locally brewed) beer, Oregon or Washington? (Apologies, Idahoans need not apply:p). Let's try and be objective here...
  4. Kruel J

    Other State  Two guys took turns shooting each other while wearing vests

    Please don't be like these two idiots: Two arrested in Rogers, accused of shooting each other :)
  5. Jerry

    Beer Collectibles!

    Stop on by! Heck, I'll give a discount to NWFA members on anything that you buy from me.!
  6. Andy54Hawken

    Beer and Pretzels movies...

    So we just watched "The Hitman's Bodyguard"...Yeah , I know , :s0065:. Its what I call a Beer and Pretzel Movie. You just start it up , enjoy the gunfire and explosions , car chases and such... With no real expectations , other than enjoying the show and beer and the pretzels...:D Anyhow its a...
  7. Superglide

    Best Reason to Drink Beer

    I just saw that brewers across the country are all going to be brewing an IPA called "Resilience". It was an original recipe from Sierra-Nevada Brewing in Chico CA and now dozens of companies are making a limited run using the same recipe and donating 100% of the sales (profits?) to the fund for...
  8. Joe Link

    NWFA Food & Beer Get Together - Saturday, February 24th - 6PM - PDX

    NWFA Food & Beer Get Together - Saturday, February 24th - 6:00PM-11:30PM Long overdue, we've finally set a date for our next get together! All NWFA members, family, and friends are encouraged to attend! This is a great time to come hang out and meet fellow members. While there's always debate...
  9. asbtg

    Chamber/leade casting help?

    Does anyone near Seattle have a bit of CerroSafe and a little expertise to help me cast and measure my leade/chamber? There is beer in it for you; just would rather get a pro to help than fill my action full of metal. Full disclosure: Lever Action Henry, so a funnel of some sort would be...
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